“Treaty” is often used as generic term for all binding written agreements between and amongst Nation States or international organizations that are governed by international law. In this broad sense, the term “treaties” includes international agreements, conventions and protocols. The interpretation of treaties, in this broad and generic sense, is is governed by the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.

In not-for-profit sphere, a treaty is a foundation document for an intergovernmental organization or IGO (as opposted to non-governmental organization or NGO). Amongst the most well known intergovernmental organizations are the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. However, not all intergovernmental organizations are as wide in scope or as global. Some have very limited purposes and are formed by a treaty between only three States. Any organization formed or reinforced by a multilateral treaty can obtain the status as an intergovernmental organization, and the rights that are attendent to such status.

In international relations, treaties are usually negotiated and finalized between Nation States or intergovernmental organizations, through their accredited representatives; however, outside legal support is sometimes instrumental in formulating positions and drafting proposed treaty provisions for negotiation.

James Hsui, PLLC, can provide support in the treaty or international agreement making process. The firm can also prepare draft treaties and other international instruments for presentation, such as for the formation of smaller intergovernmental organizations, or to serve as a framework for negotiations. Let us know if we may be of service.